Forex: RBI's forex move could shift overseas trades to ...

@BloombergQuint: The RBI's stated forex policy has been to manage undue volatility rather than defend any specific level, says Viral Acharya. #RBIPolicy Read: https://t.co/7cG7ucLCRd https://t.co/42wHbwoANp

@BloombergQuint: The RBI's stated forex policy has been to manage undue volatility rather than defend any specific level, says Viral Acharya. #RBIPolicy Read: https://t.co/7cG7ucLCRd https://t.co/42wHbwoANp submitted by -en- to newsbotMARKET [link] [comments]

RBI Policy Decoded: No Rate Cut, SLR Drop Overrated, Forex Freed and Corporate Bonds Beaten Up

submitted by deepakshenoy to IndiaInvestments [link] [comments]

RBI & how its policies can start to affect the market

Disclaimer: This DD is to help start forming a market view as per RBI announcements. Also a gentle reminder that fundamentals play out over a longer time frame than intraday. The authors take no responsiblity for your yolos.
With contributions by Asli Bakchodi, Bran OP & dragononweed!

What is the RBI?
RBI is the central bank of India. They are one of the key players who affect India’s economic trajectory. They control currency supply, banking rules and more. This means that it is not a bank in which retailers or corporates can open an account with. Instead they are a bank for bankers and the Government of India.
Their functions can be broadly classified into 6.
· Monetary authority
· Financial supervisor for financial system
· Issuer of currency
· Manages Foreign exchange
· Bankers bank
· Banker to the government
This DD will take a look at each of these functions. It will be followed by a list of rates the RBI sets, and how changes in them can affect the market.
1. Monetary Authority
One of RBI’s functions is to achieve the goal of “Price Stability” in the economy. This essentially means achieving an inflation rate that is within a desired limit.
A monetary policy committee (MPC) decides on the desired inflation rate and its limits through majority vote of its 6 members, in consultation with the GoI.
The current inflation target for RBI is as follows
Consumer Price Inflation (CPI): 4%
Upper Limit: 6%
Lower Limit: 2%
An increase in CPI means less purchasing power. Generally speaking, if inflation is too high, the public starts cutting down on spending, leading to a negative impact on the markets. And vice versa. Lower inflation leads to more purchasing power, more spending, more investments leading to a positive impact on the market.
2. Financial Supervisor For Financial System
A financial system consists of financial markets (Capital market, money market, forex market etc.), financial institutions (banks, stock exchanges, NBFC etc) & financial assets (currencies, bills, bonds etc)
RBI supervises this entire system and lays down the rules and regulations for it. It can also use further ‘Selective Credit Controls’ to regulate banks.
3. Issues of currency
The RBI is responsible for the printing of currency notes. RBI is free to print as much as it wants as long as the minimum reserve of Rs 200 Cr (Gold 112 Cr) is maintained. The RBI has total assets or a balance size sheet of Rs. 51 trillion (April 2020). (1 Trillion = 1 Lakh crore)
India’s current reserves mean our increase in currency circulation is well managed.
4. Manages Foreign Exchange
RBI regulates all of India’s foreign exchange transactions. It is the custodian of all of foreign currencies in India. It allows for the foreign exchange value of the rupee to be controlled. RBI also buy and sell rupees in the foreign exchange market at its discretion.
In case of any currency movement, a country’s central bank can directly intervene to either push the currency up, as India has been doing, or to keep it artificially low, as the Chinese central bank does. To push up a currency, a central bank can sell dollars, which is the global reserve currency, or the currency against which all others are measured. To push down a currency, a central bank can buy dollars.
The RBI deciding this depends on the import/export and financial health of the country. Generally a weaker rupee means imports are more expensive, but are favourable for exports. And a stronger rupee means imports are cheaper but are unfavourable for exports.
A weaker rupee can make foreign investment more lucrative driving up FII. A stronger rupee can have an adverse effect of FII investing in markets.
5. Banker’s Bank
Every bank has to maintain a certain amount of reserve with the RBI. A certain percentage of a bank’s liabilities (anywhere between 3-15% as decided by RBI) has to be maintained in this account. This is called the Cash Reserve Ratio. This is determined by the MPC during the monetary policy review (which happens every six weeks at present).
It lends money from this reserve to other banks if they are short on cash, but generally, it is seen as a last resort move. Banks are encouraged to meet their shortfalls of cash from other resources.
6. Banker to the government
RBI is the entity that carries out ALL monetary transactions on behalf of the Government. It holds custody of the cash balance of the Government, gives temporary loans to both central and state governments and manages the debt operations of the central Government, through instruments of debt and the interest rates associated with them - like bonds.
The different rates set & managed by RBI
- Repo rate
The rate at which RBI is willing to lend to commercial banks is called as Repo Rate.
Banks sometimes need money for emergency or to maintain the SLR and CRR (explained below). They borrow this from RBI but have to pay some interest on it. The interest that is to be paid on the amount to the RBI is called as Repo Rate.
It does not function like a normal loan but acts like a forward contract. Banks have to provide collateral like government bonds, T-bills etc. Repo means Repurchase Option is the true meaning of Repo an agreement where the bank promises to repurchase these government securities after the repo period is over.
As a tool to control inflation, RBI increases the Repo Rate making it more expensive for banks to borrow from the RBI with a view to restrict availability of money. Exact opposite stance shall be taken in case of deflationary environment.
The change of repo rate is aimed to affect the flow of money in the economy. An increase in repo rate decreases the flow of money in the economy, while the decrease in repo rate increases the flow of money in the economy. RBI by changing these rates shows its stance to the economy at large whether they prioritize growth or inflation.
- Reverse Repo Rate
The rate at which the RBI is willing to borrow from the Banks is called as Reverse Repo Rate. If the RBI increases the reverse repo rate, it means that the RBI is willing to offer lucrative interest rate to banks to park their money with the RBI. Banks in this case agree to resell government securities after reverse repo period.
Generally, an increase in reverse repo rate that banks will have a higher incentive to park their money with RBI. It decreases liquidity, affecting the market in a negative manner. Decrease in reverse repo rate increases liquidity affecting the market in a positive manner.
Both the repo rate and reverse repo rate fall under the Liquidity Adjustment Facility tools for RBI.
- Cash reserve ratio (CRR)
Banks in India are required to deposit a specific percentage of their net demand and time liabilities (NDTL) in the form of CASH with the RBI. This minimum ratio (that is the part of the total deposits to be held as cash) is stipulated by the RBI and is known as the CRR or Cash Reserve Ratio. These reserves will not be in circulation at any point in time.
For example, if a bank had a NDTL (like current Account, Savings Account and Fixed Deposits) of 100Cr and the CRR is at 3%, it would have to keep 3Cr as Cash reserve ratio to the RBI. This amount earns no interest.
Currently it is at 3%. A lower cash ratio means banks can deposit just a lower amount and use the remaining money leading to higher liquidity. This translates to more money to invest which is seen as positive for the market. Inversely, a higher cash ratio equates to lower liquidity which translates to a negative market sentiment.
Thus, the RBI uses the CRR to control excess money flow and regulate liquidity in the economy.
- Statutory liquidity ratio (SLR)
Banks in India have to keep a certain percentage of their net demand and time liabilities WITH THEMSELVES. And this can be in the form of liquid assets like gold and government securities, not just cash. A lot of banks keep them in government bonds as they give a decent interest.
The current SLR ratio of 18.25%, which means that for every Rs.100 deposited in a bank, it has to invest Rs.18.50 in any of the asset classes approved by RBI.
A low SLR means higher levels of loans to the private sector. This boosts investment and acts as a positive sentiment for the market. Conversely a high SLR means tighter levels of credit and can cause a negative effect on the market.
Essentially, the RBI uses the SLR to control ease of credit in the economy. It also ensures that the banks maintain a certain level of funds to meet depositor’s demands instead of over liquidation.
- Bank Rate
Bank rate is a rate at which the Reserve Bank of India provides the loan to commercial banks without keeping any security. There is no agreement on repurchase that will be drawn up or agreed upon with no collateral as well. This is different from repo rate as loans taken with repo rate are taken on the basis of securities. Bank rate hence is higher than the repo rate.
Currently the bank rate is 4.25%. Since bank rate is essentially a loan interest rate like repo rate, it affects the market in similar ways.
- Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR)
This is the minimum rate below which the banks are not allowed to lend. Raising this rate, makes loans more expensive, drying up liquidity, affecting the market in a negative way. Similarly, lower MCLR rates will bring in high liquidity, affecting the market in a positive way.
MCLR is a varying lending rate instead of a single rate according to the kind of loans. Currently, the MCLR rate is between 6.65% - 7.15%
- Marginal Standing facility
Marginal Standing Facility is the interest rate at which a depository institution (generally banks) lends or borrows funds with another depository institution in the overnight market. Overnight market is the part of financial market which offers the shortest term loans. These loans have to be repaid the next day.
MSF can be used by a bank after it exhausts its eligible security holdings for borrowing under other options like the Liquidity adjustment facilities.
The MSF would be a penal rate for banks and the banks can borrow funds by pledging government securities within the limits of the statutory liquidity ratio.
The current rate stands at 4.25%. The effect it has on the market is synonymous with the other lending rates such as repo rate & bank rate.
- Loan to value ratio
The loan-to-value (LTV) ratio is an assessment of lending risk that financial institutions and other lenders examine before approving a mortgage. Typically, loan assessments with high LTV ratios are considered higher risk loans.
Basically, if a companies preferred form of collateral rises in value and leads the market (growing faster than the market), then the company will see the loans that it signed with higher LTV suddenly reduce (but the interest rate remains the same).
Let’s consider an example of gold as a collateral. Consider a loan was approved with gold as collateral. The market price for gold is Rs 2000/g, and for each g, a loan of Rs 1500 was given. (The numbers are simplified for understanding). This would put LTV of the loan at 1500/2000 = 0.75. Since it is a substantial LTV, say the company priced the loan at 20% interest rate.
Now the next year, the price of gold rose to Rs 3000/kg. This would mean that the LTV of the current loan has changed to 0.5 but the company is not obligated to change the interest rate. This means that even if the company sees a lot of defaults, it is fairly protected by the unexpected surge in the underlying asset. Moreover, since the underlying asset is more valuable, default rates for the loans goes down as people are more protective of the collateral they have placed.
The same scenario for gold is happening right now and is the reason for gold backed loan providers like MUTHOOT to hit ATHs as gold is leading the economy right now. Also, these in these scenarios, it also enables companies to offer additional loan on same gold for those who are interested Instead of keeping the loan amount same most of the gold loan companies.
Based on above, we can see that as RBI changes LTV for certain assets, we are in a position to identify potential institutions that could get a good Quarterly result and try to enter it early.
Conclusion
The above rates contain the ways in the Central Bank manages the monetary policy, growth and inflation in the country.
Its impact on Stock market is often seen when these rates are changed, they act as triggers for the intraday positions on that day. But overall, the outlook is always maintained on how the RBI sees the country is doing, and knee jerk reactions are limited to intraday positions. The long term stance is always well within the limits of the outlook the big players in the market are expecting.
The important thing to keep in mind is that the problems facing the economy needn’t be uni-dimensional. Problems with inflation, growth, liquidity, currency depreciation all can come together, for which the RBI will have to play a balancing role with all it powers to change these rates and the forex reserve. So the effect on the market needs to be given more thought than simply extrapolated as ‘rates go low, markets go up’.
But understanding these individual effects of these rates allows you to start putting together the puzzle of how and where the market and the economy could go.
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RBI cuts repo rates by 40 bps

TLDR
Edit: The statement is at: https://rbidocs.rbi.org.in/rdocs/PressRelease/PDFs/PR239109AC3CAC0F874527895214BDF9E76BF0.PDF
Some stats
Outlook

Regulatory and Policy Announcements
  1. SIDBI credit extended for another 90 days
  2. FPI - Additional 3 months to fulfill commitment requirements
  3. Export credit - Pre-shipment and post-shipment credit extended to 15 months from 12
  4. EXIM Bank - New line of credit of 15,000 crore for 90 days, roll over to 1 year
  5. Importer support - Outward remittances for normal imports can be done for 12 months
  6. Moratorium (in 6 areas) - Term loan, default classification, etc. - Another 3 months till end Aug
  7. Lending institutions are permitted to restore margins for working capital to original levels by Mar '21
  8. Convert accumulated interest in WCF into a funded interest term loan - Basically deferred interest can be paid back over time and by Mar '21
  9. Group exposure limit of banks increased from 25% to 30%
  10. Withdrawal from Consolidated Sinking Fund (CSF) - norms relaxed to deal with redemptions in market borrowings
Conclusion

submitted by srinivesh to IndiaInvestments [link] [comments]

18th Feb

COVID-19
  1. After the lockdown was imposed, the number of COVID-19 cases has been doubling every six days in India. Before the lockdown, the doubling happened every three days.
Policy
  1. RBI slashes reverse repo to 3.75%, hints at a further rate cut. Plans to conduct ₹50,000 crores TLTRO to ease liquidity crunch of NBFCs/MFIs
  2. RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das on Friday said the country’s foreign exchange reserves have risen nearly $2 billion to $476.5 billion as on April 10. The forex cover will be enough for 11.8 months, or nearly a year, of the country’s imports, he added.
  3. In February, net FDI was $2.9 billion, compared to $1.9 billion in the year-ago period. PTI
  4. China’s economy contracted for the first time on record in first quarter. China GDP fell 6.8 percent in Janu­ary-­March year-­on­-year.
Polity
  1. Govt decision on redefiing SMEs soon: Gadkari. Instead of companies with an annual turnover of up to ₹10 crores, companies with rev­enue of up to ₹250 crores will be termed SMEs, according to the proposal.
  2. CBIC processes GST refund of ₹575 crores in 15 day
  3. MSMEs ask for a bigger support package
Business
  1. Healthcare sector’s loss could touch ₹24,000 cr: FICCI-­EY study
  2. Discoms may face ₹30,000 ­crore revenue loss
  3. AMFI estimated gross subscriptions to open-end equity funds at ₹30,109 crores for March 2020, up 21 percent from February and 9 percent from March 2019. It praised retail investors for turning this crisis into opportunity, by committing a record ₹1 lakh crore into equity SIPs in FY20.
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Should India hold $400 billion of forex reserves?

Should India hold $400 billion of forex reserves? submitted by sultanatehere to india [link] [comments]

Questions on fiscal prudence that we should all be asking our central government.

Please add on as you deem fit. Immediately below are those that seem necessary to me.
1) Real Fiscal Deficit Numbers: The fiscal deficit number and target shared in the budget presentation did not take into account independent lending by govt orgs such as,
Food Corporation of India: Has been borrowing for the last 3 years. Has not been paid by the govt during this time. While FCI has released some figures, what is the total amount it has borrowed?
Same with orgs such as NABARD, PFC, Fertilizer corp, and so many other that we don't even know about.
2) Real financial state of orgs like LIC, National Small Savings Fund: These are the orgs that fund the loans of the govt as well as Food Corp, Fertilizer Corp etc.
What do their respective balance sheets truly look like? How much money did LIC really lend to banks and NBFIs over the years, that is now considered NPA?
3) RBI related questions:
As the RBI had increased SLR (CRR for that matter) requirements for commercial banks, and policy dictated that (public) banks store that money in govt securities; can the govt tell us how much this total amount is? And why it forces banks to behave this way?
And more broadly, does the govt understand that forcing banks to park their money this way, and simultaneously crowding out private lending by taking such huge loans from govt orgs and banks; is an important part of why successive RBI interest cuts have no meaningful impact in reducing commercial rate for lending?
4) Another RBI question: The RBI continues to build up its forex reserves. (approx $471 Billion as of last week); even though multiple experts (including some RBI folk) have said that beyond a point, trying to use reserves to stem a money outflow will be futile. Many have said that around 450 billion is already beyond sufficient in our current situation.
And, not allowing for natural adjustment/strengthening of the Rupee right now may lead to risky situations if the global outlook does turn negative. Rupee continues to be a Last Money In, First Money Out segment for more foreign investors, and is the govt prepared to risk a SE Asia-like currency crises, just so that the RBI has more reserves, a part of which the govt can quietly gobble up?
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Indian Financial Sector

Public sector banks will embark on second round of 2-day bottom-up ideation exercise beginning Thursday for further streamlining the banking sector to help the nation become a USD 5 trillion economy in 5 years. The second leg of the month-long campaign will be inter-bank and will be held at state-level as per the direction of Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance. The first round was focussed at branch level and suggestions and ideas received from there will now be discussed at the state level from tomorrow, official sources said.
-Economic Times
Members of the RBI's Monetary Policy Committee at its rate review held on 7 August have agreed that supporting growth will remain their top priority in the midst of inflation remaining stable within the next 1 year, according to the minutes of the meeting released on today.
-Livemint
The Banks Board Bureau has invited applications for the post of MD & CEO in 4 leading PSBs — Bank of India, Bank of Baroda, Punjab National Bank and Canara Bank.
-Moneycontrol.com
The IL&FS had not disclosed any NPAs for the last 4 years, the RBI has said in a report. The report is based on inspection of IL&FS and IFIN and this has been conveyed by the new board of the IL&FS to the NCLT.
-Economic Times
SBI is planning to establish nearly 10 lakh YONO Cash Points in the country over 18 months, said its Chairman Rajnish Kumar today. The platform is secure and will eliminate the requirement of using debit cards, Kumar said.
-Business Line
BookMyForex.com, a marketplace for foreign exchange and remittances, has partnered with YES Bank to launch a co-branded multi-currency forex travel card for Indian overseas travellers. BookMyForex will offer zero margin or exact inter-bank rates 24x7 on forex card sales.
-Business Line
SEBI today provided more teeth to rating agencies by allowing them to obtain details of borrowings and defaults by companies. It also announced rewards for whistle blowers and approved changes in norms prohibiting insider trading.
-Economic Times
SBI Cards and Payment Services Pvt. Ltd, the credit card subsidiary of SBI, invited investment banks and lawyers to act as advisers for its proposed IPO.
-Moneycontrol.com
The finance ministry has initiated a review of India’s free trade agreement framework to assess the impact of such pacts on the overall economy. The view has been gaining ground among policymakers and industry that these free trade agreements (FTAs) brought little tangible benefit to India, while helping the partner country.
-Economic Times
IL&FS has informed NCLT that in contravention of a NCLAT order, banks have debited about Rs 759 crore in the last 8 months for repayment on their dues which amounts to coercive creditor action.
-Economic Times
Parle Products Pvt Ltd, a leading biscuit maker, might layoff up to 10,000 workers as slowing economic growth and falling demand in the rural heartland could cause production cuts, a Co executive said today.
-Business Line
The probe by the Enforcment Directorate in the money laundering case, involving former finance minister P Chidambaram, has been enlarged. It suspects his role in granting alleged illegal Foreign Investment Promotion Board clearances to at least four more business deals, apart from INX Media and Aircel-Maxis, and receiving multi-crore kickbacks through multiple shell firms, official sources said today. The CBI has issued a Look Out Circular P Chidambaram to prevent him from leaving the country, officials said.
-Business Line
USD/INR 71.55
SENSEX 37060.37(-267.64)
NIFTY50 10918.70 (-98.30)
 -#210819 
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Indian Financial Sector

The Central Government has been holding meetings with Asian Development Bank, World Bank, and German state-owned development bank KfW for access to low-cost capital to Indian MSMEs, according to MSME minister Nitin Gadkari. The comments gain significance as lack of capital is the biggest challenge for the growth of MSMEs.
-Financial Express
The RBI today asked banks to link all new floating-rate loans for housing, personal and MSMEs to external benchmark based interest rate from 1 Oct, in a bid to allow faster transmission of its rate cuts to consumers. It has been observed that due to various reasons, the transmission of policy rate changes to the lending rate of banks under the current MCLR framework has not been satisfactory, the RBI said in a statement.
-Livemint
PSBs can now create Chief General Manager (CGM) posts as per their business needs. The Department of Financial Services (DFS) in the Finance Ministry granted the flexibility to all nationalised banks. CGM posts (in a fresh scale termed as scale VIII) can be created (with Board approval) in nationalised banks that have total business of ₹10 lakh crore or higher, sources said. Such CGMs will act as an administrative and functional layer between the existing levels of General Manager and Executive Director. The number of CGM posts created should not exceed the ratio of 1:4 between the total number of posts of CGM and GM.
-Budiness Line
The RBI-constituted task-force on developing a vibrant secondary market for corporate loans has called for setting up a central loan contract registry to remove information asymmetries between buyers and sellers. The 6-member task force, headed by Canara Bank chairman TN Manoharan, was formed to examine the scope for developing a secondary market for corporate loans and make recommendations to facilitate rapid development of such a vibrant market.
-Business Standard
Global rating agency Moody's on September 4 upgraded the outlook on Punjab National Bank, which will merge OBC and United Bank of India with itself, to 'positive' from 'stable'. It also affirmed the local and foreign currency deposit ratings of Canara Bank, OBC, Syndicate Bank and Union Bank at Baa3/P-3.
-Moneycontrol.com
Canara Bank today said its board will meet next week to consider capital infusion of up to Rs 9,000 crore through issuance of preferential equity shares to the government of India. The board will also consider amalgamation of Syndicate Bank with it, the Bank said in a regulatory filing.
-Moneycontrol.com
HR integration will be the top priority in the merger of Syndicate Bank with Canara Bank and branch rationalisation would be looked at only after all aspects of integration are completek, . Syndicate Bank’s MD & CEO Mrutyunjay Mahapatra said. He saidthat the merger process will not slow down business.
-Economic Times
Canara Bank MD & CEO R A Sankara Narayanan, told that there would not be any loss of employment after merger. He had also confirmed that both the banks will stick to business projections and have a dedicated team to focus on integration without affecting normal business.
-Economic Times
LIC, that has seen its investment in IDBI Bank erode by more than half over the past year or so, has also seen the value of its investments in other PSU banks plunge. The sharp fall in the price of PSU bank stocks and dilution of its stake owing to capital infusion by the government, has eroded its wealth in these banks. LIC has lost over Rs 17,000 crore of its wealth in PSBs over the past year. Excluding IDBI Bank, it has lost over ₹4,800 crore in other PSBs.
-Business Line
ICICI Bank has cut its lending rates by 0.10% across all maturities, sources said on Sep 4. Under the revised rates, effective Sep 1, the bank's 1-year MCLR will come down to 8.55%, while the overnight MCLR will be 8.30%.
-Moneycontrol.com
Bank of Baroda will raise up to Rs 1,132.05 crore by issuing fresh shares to its staff under the Employee Share Purchase Scheme (ESPS), the bank said. Bank of Baroda will raise up to Rs 1,132.05 crore by issuing fresh shares to its staff under the ESPS, the bank said. The decision was taken by the compensation committee of the board at its meeting held on Tuesday, the bank said in a regulatory filing. decision was taken by the compensation committee of the board at its meeting held on Tuesday, the bank said in a regulatory filing.
-Moneycontrol.com
YES Bank has settled a case pertaining to ‘selective disclosure’ of assets quality with market regulator SEBI. The Bank settled the matter under the so-called consent mechanism paying Rs 51.6 lakh as settlement charges. Yes Bank’s compliance officer Shivanand Shettigar paid another Rs 14.45 lakh as settlement charges in the same matter.
-Business Standard
Wipro has received a long-term $300 million contract from ICICI Bank to provide digital technology led services. The Co said in a filing to the BSE that it has secured a strategic 7-year engagement from the bank.
-Economic Times
Digital payments saw significant growth in August, with the Unified Payments Interface (UPI) and IMPS touching record highs in terms of both volumes and number of transactions, while payments on BHIM also rose to a 10-month high.
-Business Line
Rating agency CRISIL today cut India’s fiscal year 2020 GDP growthforecast to 6.3% from its earlier forecast of 6.9%, after the economy grew 5% in the first quarter, it’s slowest in almost 6 years. The agency said that lower GDP growth forecast corroborates that India’s economic slowdown is deeper and more broad-based than suspected.
-Economic Times
Even as gross NPA are expected to come down marginally by end of ongoing fiscal, assets over Rs 1 lakh crore that are under pressure are still to be recognised as bad loans, a report by ASSOCHAM- CRISIL said.
-Financial Express
BSNL is monetising land assets to improve revenue while cutting operational costs in the absence of revival package from the government, according to chairman Pravin Kumar Purwar. The telco is looking at cutting its workforce by nearly half once the Centre approves its much-awaited voluntary retirement scheme, Purwar told.
-Economic Times
Rising gold prices have prompted the RBI to apply the brakes to its purchase of the metal as a forex reserve asset. After the last offtake of 5.6 tonnes this April, the apex bank has not made any fresh purchases. According to the data from the International Monetary Fund's International Financial Statistics (IFS), RBI has been holding 618 tonnes of gold as part of its forex reserves since April this year.
-Business Standard
USD/INR 72.12
SENSEX 36724.74(+161.83)
NIFTY50 10844.65(+46.75)
 -#040919 
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Indian Financial Sector

MPs, state legislatures, or local bodies such as municipal corporations cannot be on the boards of public sector banks. Also, partners of chartered accountancy firms engaged as statutory central auditors at any PSB cannot join the boards of these banks, RBI said in an updated circular on fit and proper criteria in PSBs.
-Economic Times
The RBI clarified that banks and NBFCs cannot impose foreclosure charges / pre-payment penalties on any floating rate term loan sanctioned, for purposes other than business, to individual borrowers with or without co-obligant(s). The RBI has done away with foreclosure charges /pre-payment penalties on all floating rate term loans sanctioned to individual borrowers with effect from May 7, 2014.
-Business Line
IMPS is gaining traction and the number of transactions rose to 19 crores in July even as the transaction value for UPI and the Centre’s flagship digital payment app BHIM continued to decline for the second straight month. According to data released by the NPCI, IMPS hit a record high in July in terms of value, too. As many as 18.92 crore transactions amounting to over ₹1.82-lakh crore were conducted through IMPS in July against 17.13 crore transactions worth over ₹1.73-lakh crore in June.
-Business Line
Clearcorp Dealing Systems India Ltd (Clearcorp), a wholly owned subsidiary of Clearing Corporation of India Ltd, will launch its forex trading platform, FX-Retail, for the customers of banks on Aug 5. The FX-Retail platform will provide an anonymous and order driven dealing in US Dollar (USD) / Indian Rupee (INR) currency pair for bank customers -- individuals, sole proprietorship firms, partnership firms and corporates, Clearcorp said in a statement.
-Business Line
Corporation Bank registered a net profit of ₹103.27 crore in the first quarter of 2019-20 as against a profit of ₹84.96 crore in the corresponding period of the previous fiscal, recording a growth of 21.55%.
-Business Line
SBI today said the RBI has imposed a penalty of Rs 50 lakh on it for non-compliance relating to reporting of frauds.
-Economic Times
Oriental Bank of Commerce & Punjab National Bank today said the RBI has imposed a penalty of Rs 50 lakhs on them for non-compliance relating to reporting of frauds in the Kingfisher Airlines account.
-Economic Times
Bandhan Bank would open 187 new branches by the end of the current FY, taking the total number to 1,187, a top official said today. The bank would also open 340 doorstep service centres by 2019-20, MD & CEO Chandra Sekhar Ghosh said.
-Economic Times
Punjab & Sind Bank said it has declared NPA account Fairdeal Supplies Ltd as a fraud and has reported the matter to the RBI, it said in a regulatory filing.
-Economic Times
LIC Housing Finance reported an 8% increase in standalone net profit at ₹611 crore in the first quarter (Q1FY20) against ₹568 crore in the year-ago period.
-Business Line
Former RBI Governor Duvvuri Subbarao on Friday said that any government trying to “raid” the balance sheet of a central bank can be seen as a desperate move.
-Business Line
A spate of reforms undertaken by the Government has led to the current slowdown in the country, Amitabh Kant, the CEO of policy think-tank NITI Aayog, said. This came as a note of caution from the senior official as he was advocating a series of policy decisions to revive the economy.
-The Hindu
The country's forex reserves decreased by $727 million to $429.649 billion for the week ended July 26, led by a decline in foreign currency assets, RBI data showed on Friday.
-Moneycontrol.com
As the Rajya Sabha passed the Code on Wages, 12 Central Trade Unions, except the BMS, held protest across the country demanding the Centre to withdraw the proposed Labour Codes. Terming the 4 proposed codes anti-labour, the trade unions alleged that the Bills are being passed without any tripartite negotiations with trade unions, chambers of commerce and the Governments. They alleged that there is a conspiracy to take away the right to work for 8 hours and give the power to the State governments and the Centre to set working hours.
-Business Line
 -#030819 
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Is Rupee Marching Towards 75 Against Dollars In 2019?

Is Rupee Marching Towards 75 Against Dollars In 2019?
Both fast paced global events and elections round the corner, have accelerated the journey of rupee on a rollercoaster already. Whether this ride is going to make rupee touch the mark of 75 this year or not, is the crucial question being addressed ahead.
US President Donald Trump is consistently bringing protectionist policies for US, creating a stir in the emerging markets already. Trade tensions continue to escalate and hurt rupee. What further troubles is the Brexit uncertainty, making dollar exchange a magnet to money from all around the world. This is making the dollar stronger and thus it is no good news to the Indian currency.
It is generally witnessed that private companies tone down their investments in the election year and thus the balance of payments do not recover. Further, if the current account deficit is further widened, the downfall of rupee is certain towards the end of the year.

https://preview.redd.it/6fejrwjir9r21.jpg?width=500&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=099c9848c32a5841a103fdf3eed563d0215e0329
The world's largest democracy and a fast paced emerging economy is heading towards election and this is when the currency is bound to get affected. India has been witnessing a stable economy under the current government who had a sweeping majority. The idea of a coalition holding chances to gain power brings the concept of uncertainty. Markets do not prefer the uncertainty that couples well with coalition.
Election months also bring popular campaign methods as the forerunner, paving the way for inflation ahead, the factor which works well against rupee and will definitely escalate the dollar exchange to the feared 75 by the end of 2019.
Moving ahead, it is important to understand the effect of the expected depreciation of rupee against dollar. Depreciation of the rupee will change the dynamics of the crude oil import bill. This will further trigger many other problems. The game play of rupee depreciation and inflation is yet another consequence of foreseen steep increase in dollar exchange.
In the scenario of steep depreciation of the rupee, the RBI may hike the regulatory interest rates and that will in turn impact the investment and expenditure consumption negatively. Thus it is a clear no win situation for rupee if predictions and estimates about dollar exchange at 75 hold true.
To book forex, this rollercoaster ride of rupee against dollar can be a tedious task. It will be difficult to decide which day will be the best one and which price is the lowest. At BookMyForex, we get you sorted here.
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ELI5ed version of India's Currency Crisis.

Alright people, here it is, I am now going to try and explain the whole rupee fall phenomenon as simply as I can. We're going to first try and discuss the concepts involved here and then look at what our policy makers have done. Here's hoping that you last till the end cause it was quite a lot of effort.
Why am I doing this?
I am tired of all the lame rupee fall jokes that flooded my WhatsApp last week. I am tired of all the people telling the government to 'Make it stop!' (Spoiler: It's not that simple). Also, I am going to get out in the job market soon and am too lazy to brush up my basics in a formal way. The prospect of educating fellow redditors makes it worth the effort.
Why should you read all of this?
Because you care and by the end of this, hopefully, you'll be able to talk about this in a smarter way which will potentially improve your chances with that girl.
It is likely that you may already know the answers to some of the questions here. Go right ahead and skip them because I am trying to do an ELI5 here.
Let's take it from the top.
What is a foreign exchange rate?
It is the rate at which one currency will be exchanged with another.
Why do foreign exchange rates exist?
Simply because the currency of one country will not be accepted in another. We have a lot of countries and we have a lot of currencies and judging by the feeds on facebook, people travel a lot.
Fun fact#1: The US dollar and the Euro account for approximately 50 percent of all currency exchange transactions in the world. Adding British pounds, Canadian dollars, Australian dollars, and Japanese yen to the list accounts for over 80 percent of currency exchanges altogether.
Who or what decides the exchange rate between two currencies?
On a fundamental level, The value of currency, like the price of any other good or service, depends on its demand and supply. And demand for a currency, say, the US dollar, typically comes from Indian importers, people or institutions that invest in the US and travellers to the US. All these agents require dollars for transacting in the US.
Analogously, exporters to the US, travellers to India and investor inflows supply US dollars in return for rupees to transact in India. If the demand for the rupee decreases compared to, say, the US dollar, the value of the rupee goes down, and vice-versa
So, it's all driven by market (buyers and sellers) forces?
No, There are other factors too. But we'll take them up when we're discussing the Indian context.
What role does something like RBI do in all this?
To understand this, we're going to dive into a little bit of theory. Broadly speaking, there are two ways of handling your currency's exchange rate:
A. The Floating Exchange Rate: The market determines a floating exchange rate. In other words, a currency is worth whatever buyers are willing to pay for it. This is determined by supply and demand, which is in turn driven by foreign investment, import/export ratios, inflation, and a host of other economic factors. Generally, countries with mature, stable economic markets will use a floating system. Virtually every major nation uses this system. Floating exchange rates are considered more efficient, because the market will automatically correct the rate to reflect inflation and other economic forces.
The floating system isn't perfect, though. If a country's economy suffers from instability, a floating system will discourage investment. Investors could fall victim to wild swings in the exchange rates, as well as disastrous inflation.
Did that previous paragraph ring a bell? Interestingly though, we don't follow a floating rate system.
Fun fact#2: Canada is the only country whose currency's value is determined absolutely and entirely by the foreign exchange market or as we just learned, by means of a 'floating exchange rate'. Their Central Bank has never intervened in years.
B. The Fixed or Pegged Exchange Rate: A pegged, or fixed system, is one in which the exchange rate is set and artificially maintained by the government. The rate will be pegged to some other country's dollar, usually the U.S. dollar. The rate will not fluctuate from day to day. You decree that 1 US Dollar will always be equal to 35 Rupees and that is it. Countries that have potentially unstable economies usually use a pegged system. Developing nations can use this system to prevent out-of control-inflation.
And now your thinking:
Holy shit! We can do that? Why aren't we doing that? Why don't we get our currency pegged as seen in the Fixed or Pegged Exchange Rate system?
For starters, the system can backfire. If the real world market value of the currency is not reflected by the pegged rate, a black market may spring up, where the currency will be traded at its market value, disregarding the government's peg. When people realize that their currency isn't worth as much as the pegged rate indicates, they may rush to exchange their money for other, more stable currencies. This can lead to economic disaster, since the sudden flood of currency in world markets drives the exchange rate very low. So if a country doesn't take good care of their pegged rate, they may find themselves with worthless currency.
To further explain, assume that the demand for US dollar increases. Consequently, its value increases, such that each dollar can now buy 10 rupees instead of 4 previously. To offset such an increase, the RBI pumps in sufficient amount of dollars into the market to meet the increased demand. This process ensures that the value of the dollar is restored to its original one. The central bank can supply and draw dollars from forex reserves, which is its official kitty.
Well, the problem is, we ain't got much forex reserves.
India’s forex reserves, which stand at $270 billion(As of the end of August, 2013) approximately, cannot defend the falling rupee eternally. To make sense out of that figure, let us assume that one bad day, all foreign investors in our country decide to take back their money (which is extremely unlikely). In that dire situation, the RBI would have to borrow to a tune of $215 million to pay them all back.
To make matters worse, the increasing oil imports and falling export share in the recent months have contributed significantly towards draining (the already concerning levels of) our forex reserves. The arguments above indicate that the RBI does not have sufficient cushion to strictly adhere to a fixed rate regime.
In fact, forex reserves are the only major 'reactionary tool' we have to prevent any speculation based downfall in the value of rupee.
So if Forex reserves are so damn important, why haven't we been building them up?
Actually, we have been trying to. Refer this graph. If you do a simple forex reserves News based search on Google, you'll find that the last month has seen a lot of ups and downs in it implying that the RBI is scrambling to plug the hole by raising and spending these reserves. But it's still not good enough.
But but...that is a good graph, why is it not good enough?
Enter Mr. CAD, the media's favourite buzzword
At the end of 2007, the Current Account Deficit(Mr. CAD) of India stood at $8 billion. If you refer the above graph, you'll notice that we had a forex reserve of around 300 billion by that time. That means our forex reserves were 37.5 times the CAD. For 2013, the current account deficit is at $90 billion whereas the foreign exchange reserves are down to around $270 billion. That's just around 3 times that of the CAD. That is an alarming fall.
What is a Current Account Deficit?
Occurs when a country's total imports of goods, services and transfers is greater than the country's total export of goods, services and transfers. This situation makes a country a net debtor to the rest of the world. So, evidently, it has an impact with your foreign exchange rates. A substantial current account deficit is not necessarily a bad thing for certain countries. Developing countries may run a current account deficit in the short term to increase local productivity and exports in the future.
Why is our Current Account Deficit so bad?
Simply because we get a lot of our stuff from the outside. The most significantly burdensome items that we import are Gold and Oil. The two of them together constitute almost 50% of our total imports!
Gold
No kidding, we Indians love the yellow metal. We are in fact the largest consumer of Gold in the world. No seriously, our country is single handedly responsible for upto 20% consumption of the worldwide gold consumption. It makes sense to us because not only can we show it off at social events, we can also readily sell it later. In effect, it's like a Saving from the perspective of the mango people. Most Indians are blithely unaware that gold is not locally sourced but actually imported from countries such as Switzerland and the United Arab Emirates.
Which is why we had Mr. Chidambaram 'appealing' to us. But nobody's going to listen to your appeals, Sir. My own financial security will always be more important than your CAD-MAD bullshit. Which is why we have steadily increased the import tariffs on Gold imports in an attempt to discourage gold consumption. Not very effective but it's something.
Make no mistake though, although it will be 'nice' to have people buy less gold this season, in the long run, it will save yo ass.
Fun Fact#3: "I have never bought gold at any point of time in my life. I don’t wear any jewelry — be it a ring or a chain, For me gold is just another metal, it just shines a little bit more.” - P. Chidambaram, Finance Minister of India - A country which is the largest consumer of Gold.
Contd as Comment Below Due to Character Restrictions. Continue Reading at 'Oil'
submitted by PlsDontBraidMyBeard to IndiaInvestments [link] [comments]

Bookmarks - 3

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Bookmarks - 3

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[Banned] /r/worldnews/: Turkey's lira falls 3 percent, Trump won't take pastor's detention 'sitting down'

I was banned from /worldnews/. Here's what I would have said in response to this post:
When I first saw this article from reuters.com, its title was:
Turkey's lira weakens 4 percent, Trump says won't take pastor's detention 'sitting down'
Here are some other articles about this story:
I am a bot trying to encourage a balanced news diet.
These are all of the articles I think are about this story. I do not select or sort articles based on any opinions or perceived biases, and neither I nor my creator advocate for or against any of these sources or articles. It is your responsibility to determine what is factually correct.
submitted by alternate-source-bot to alt_source_bot_log [link] [comments]

CLSA: Greed & Fear : Modi and Banking Amendments [NP]

Chris Wood of CLSA is one of the most revered Equity Strategist. He periodically writes 'GREED & FEAR' series explaining his views and strategies. He usually meets the policymakers, CEOs and sector experts before forming his opinions on each country and the market.
This is a txt copy of the latest edition.
CLSA: GREED & FEAR : MODI AND BANKING AMENDMENTS - 11th May 2017
GREED & fear’s base case for 2017, namely for global equity investors to be overweight global emerging markets and the Eurozone, has been strengthened by Emmanuel Macron’s victory. Macron’s victory will have further encouraged hopes of a re-energised Franco-German alliance at the heart of the Eurozone and related hopes of a renewed drive towards integration. Whether such hopes prove to be a reality is quite another matter. But for the moment they can propel European equities higher in the run up to the German election where GREED & fear’s base case remains a Merkel victory.
GREED & fear also remains constructive on the euro since the base case must be that Derivative Draghi will signal some increase in token tapering at the next ECB monetary policy meeting on 8 June.
As for the US, renewed hopes that the Trump administration will be able to pass reform of Obamacare are again encouraging expectations that tax reform can be passed more quickly than previously anticipated. This remains extremely optimistic from GREED & fear’s standpoint, with the major uncertainty whether Republicans in Congress will insist on the package being revenue neutral. But for now such hopes may keep the 10-year Treasury bond yield above 2.3% and therefore equities reasonably constructive. Yet if such hopes of near-term tax cuts are dashed, GREED & fear’s view remains that the yield curve is vulnerable to renewed flattening given that the evidence remains that the downside risk to economic growth in America are rising not falling. More tightening by the Fed, let alone the commencement of balance sheet contraction, increases the risk for US equities and strengthens the case to be long Treasury bonds absent aggressive tax cuts. It also increases the argument to be underweight American equities in a global portfolio.
It is a reality of market sentiment that the China reflation trade is currently being questioned. GREED & fear’s base case is that the bulk of the correction in commodities is over, be it in copper, iron ore and other China reflation trade proxies.
Still GREED & fear is much less sanguine on oil where hopes of keeping oil above US$50 rest on OPEC being able to agree on an extension of the current production agreement at its forthcoming meeting scheduled for 25 May. In the absence of such a deal, oil looks vulnerable.There is now a following wind in Europe until the German federal election in September where investors currently anticipate a positive result. The issue will then become whether a Eurozone with a Merkel-Macron leadership or, less likely, a Macron-Schulz leadership, will really push for renewed integration on a presumed path to fiscal union. For that is what will be required in GREED & fear’s view to keep Italy in the Eurozone.
If Asia and emerging markets remain an overweight forGREED & fear, India also remains the most preferred equity story in the emerging market universe on a ten-year view. This long-term constructive view has been strengthened by evidence that the Modi government is showing a renewed focus to address the asset quality problem in the banking sector.
The key development on the bad loan problem was the publication late last week of an ordinance amending the Banking Regulation Act. The key purpose of this amendment is to empower the Reserve Bank of India to intervene in specific cases of default as well as to give the central bank the authority to require specific defaults to be sent to the insolvency court if lenders and borrowers cannot reach resolution.The other aim of this amendment is to remove a concern shared by all bankers that, if they agree to a haircut on a specific loan, they will be at risk of future investigation by the judiciary or an investigative agency. It is the reluctance of the banks to take haircuts which has been the key cause of India’s long festering banking problem.The lack of progress addressing this legacy problem in the banking sector is the main reason why India is still seeing no evidence of a renewed private sector-driven investment cycle. While there have, in GREED & fear’s view, been enormous achievements in other areas of policy, the missing link is the banking sector with the bulk of the problem lying in the state-owned banks.The new approach requires the RBI to execute proactively on its new powers. The good news is that the RBI’s technocratic approach means that its management of the NPA problem will be less politicised than if handled by other government agencies. The word in Delhi is that the RBI will come out with clear guidelines in the near future on how this process will work.There is naturally much scepticism as to whether resolutions of bad debt cases will happen given the previous failure to address the NPA problem. Still, in GREED & fear’s view it is wrong to be too sceptical since, if the RBI is prepared to be tough, it has the leverage to apply, since it now has the power to invoke the insolvency code against defaulters. Once the NPA issue is resolved, the way will be clear for the public sector banks to raise capital, a process which should also lead, with the encouragement of both the RBI and the government, to the consolidation of the public sector banks.
The rest of the Indian story under the extraordinary Modi remains as vibrant as ever. While it is true that the Aadhaar programme was launched under the previous government, the real roll out and practical application of the programme has been massively leveraged since Modi assumed power. The benefits of direct electronic payments are hard to exaggerate in terms of reduced leakages and the like.
There is also the approaching launch of the Goods and Services Tax (GST). While this will not be as clean as originally hoped, the arrival of GST is a big deal. The fundamental point to focus on is that GST will end inter-state barriers to trade. The result should be increased tax revenues.GREED & fear remains constructive even if the Indian stock market is certainly expensive on a forward earnings basis. The continuing rise in the stock market year to date, and the resulting re-rating, has been triggered primarily by ongoing strong inflows into domestic equity mutual funds.These inflows into the mutual funds have been a feature ever since Modi was elected and reflect a growing preference for financial assets over traditional assets not traditionally visible to the taxman in India, namely property and gold.
The investment in Naver in the Asia ex-Japan long-only portfolio will be removed. An investment in Indian state-owned bank State Bank of India will be initiated with a 3% weighting, while a further 1ppt will be added to the existing investment in HDFC.China’s foreign exchange reserves increased by US$20.4bn in April. This marks the first time China’s forex reserves have increased for three consecutive months since June 2014. CLSA’s economics team estimates a mark-to-market gain of US$25bn in April, which implies a balance of payments deficit of only US$5bn in April. This further reinforces the view here that capital flight in China is not out of control.The latest Chinese inflation data provides further evidence that China PPI inflation has already peaked. PPI inflation slowed for the second consecutive month, down from 7.6% YoY in March to 6.4% YoY in April. The slowdown can be partly explained by the base effect. But China PPI also declined on a month on month basis for the first time since June 2016.
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Mann ki Baat - December edition

I wish I had good news, but it's not looking good, guise

1) India's manufacturing expansion at 25-month low: Survey

The growth of India's manufacturing economy dropped to its lowest in the past 25 months, mainly on account of a slower expansion of new business and overall output, according to a leading global business survey released on Tuesday.

2) Exports may fall below $300 bn by 2015-16 end

The government has set a target of $325 billion for the current financial year. It will be a happy situation if the country achieves exports of $300 billion but it (exports) will end less than $300 billion.”
Kapoor’s admission comes close on the heels of India’s exports contracting for the eleventh straight month in October.
Exports decline for 11th month in a row India's raw cotton exports dip 50% in 2014-15 India's soyameal exports at historic low: SEA Gems and Jewellery exports dip 18% during April-Oct

3) Rupee hits more than two-year low; RBI intervenes

he rupee hit a more than two-year low against the greenback on Friday as domestic shares fell after an underwhelming stimulus package from the European Central Bank, forcing the Reserve Bank of India to sell dollars via state-run banks.

4) India's services sector growth stagnates in November as sentiments hit 10-year low

Services sector output stagnated in November after four consecutive months of expansion, as business sentiments hit the lowest level in a decade and flow of new orders turned sluggish, a monthly survey showed Thursday.

5) The core industries in India grew at a sluggish rate of 3.2% in October 2015 as per the newly released data

As per the data released by the Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry on November 30, 2015 the output of 8 core industries increased 3.2% in the month of October 2015 slowing down from 9% growth recorded in October 2014. The core sector growth in the period April to October 2015 was recorded at 2.5% while a growth of 5.6% was recorded in the corresponding period April to October 2014.

6) Growth in foreign tourist arrivals at 3-year low

The National Democratic alliance government's move to hardsell India as a hot tourism destination is yet to show results. According to Union tourism ministry statistics, the growth in inbound travel (foreign tourists coming to India) is a modest four per cent this calendar year (till October), compared to the previous year. This is the slowest pace of growth in the past three years.
Union tourism minister Mahesh Sharma recently admitted that in 2011-12, foreign tourists used to stay for an average of 20-22 days in India which has now come down to 18-20 days

7) Outlook for India’s power sector remains negative: Moody’s

“Our outlook for the Indian power sector remains negative, because the industry faces persistent challenges, mainly resulting from high, albeit moderating, fuel supply risk, cost over-runs at some plants operated by independent power producers (IPPs), and the limited capacity to pay on the part of financially weak distribution utilities,” Moody’s said in a press release today.
Let's brainstorm, guise. Modiji seems to be outside his depth here. May be we can think of good ideas and then have the mods tweet it to PMO.
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Concerns over using credit card for international online transactions. (details in description)

Hello, first of all this is not a concern about identity theft or doubting merchant's authenticity. I am aware of the cardholder protection against fraudlent transcations and its completly safe technically.
What I am concerned about is the RBI's circular which was published last year (Link)(relevent now because Aliexpress is going to have 3/29 aniversary sale and I have so many products to purchase) which affects the tranctions made to international ecommerce/service providers. This not only affects everyone who is intrested in buying stuffs from international portals but even those webmasters and developers who want to buy hosting, domain and other services.
Some of the portals are exempted by this rule like google play, App Store and such but we can never be too sure what websites are supported and what are not. So I was hoping if someone could throw a light on the policy and make things clear. The basic doubt that I'm having is should I use my credit card for international online purchases or just drop the idea completly.
New RBI restrictions may impact your international online purchases
submitted by divyad to india [link] [comments]

RBI Proposes Longer Hours For Forex Trading RBI FX Master Circular - Fallacy ! RBI - Forex Market Explained !!!!! By Manish Kumar AIR 61 CSE 2017 and AIR 49 RBI 2017 Fight Back - RBI Clampdown On Online Forex Trading RBI & SEBI Finance Theory Forex Market  RBI Grade B ... Finance Current AffairsRBI Notification on Forex Retail Trading Platform MCQsRBI Gr B2019 E (5) RBI: Role and Functions

RBI Announces Special Open Market Operations (OMO) Simultaneous Purchase and Sale of Government of India Securities; RBI Bulletin - November 2020; Option of repaying the funds availed under Targeted Long-Term Repo Operations (TLTRO and TLTRO 2.0) before maturity ; NBFC Regulation- Looking ahead – Shri M. Rajeshwar Rao, Deputy Governor, Reserve Bank of India - November 6, 2020 - at the ... Policies of The RBI steer the economy of our country. India’s central banking institution is the Reserve Bank of India or the RBI. Among its various functions, the RBI also controls the monetary policy of the Indian currency. Learn more about the structure and the monetary Policies of The RBI in this article. Rupee strength: Decoding Reserve Bank of India’s forex policy shifts 19-09-2020. PM Modi greets people on Parkash Purab of Sri Guru Ramdas Ji . Shah Rukh Khan thanks fans for helping needy on ... Aug 01, 2017 Miscellaneous forex facilities: Mar 27, 2017 Asian Clearing Union: Jan 18, 2017 Remittances [Money Transfer Service Scheme (MTSS) and Rupee Drawing Arrangement (RDA)] Dec 26, 2016 Liaison / Branch / Project Offices of foreign entities in India: Sep 15, 2016 Exchange Rate – 1945-1971: Sep 02, 2016 Remittance of Assets: Aug 01, 2016 Foreign Currency Accounts by Resident ... RBI has now allowed these products from June 1. But banks will have to seek the approval of their boards to sell these derivative products to companies with a net worth of Rs 500 crore or more. Plain forward forex products with call and put options are also open to retail investors, RBI said. 5 reasons behind RBI's sudden 'hands-off' policy in forex market The RBI's earning from Rs 35.40 lakh crore of forex reserves is just 2.65 per cent as revealed in the annual report 2019-20 The RBI's foreign exchange reserves stand at a record $560.63 billion.RBI which mostly invests in gold, sovereign debt and other risk-free deposits, has seen returns fall as monetary policy ... Rupee strength: Decoding Reserve Bank of India’s forex policy shifts. September 19, 2020 7:00 AM . RBI will likely buy $8 billion more by March 2021 to build on the return to sufficient FX ... RBI in its statement said that the view is to create market infrastructure that would ensure fair and transparent pricing for users of foreign exchange (such as Small and Medium Enterprise exporters and importers, individuals, etc.). The Reserve Bank in October 2017, had issued a discussion paper proposing to set up a foreign exchange trading platform for retail participants that would provide ... The RBI has sold nearly $19 billion from the forex reserves between April and August to stem the slide. That has drained roughly 1.4 trillion rupees from banks, creating a cash crunch.

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RBI Proposes Longer Hours For Forex Trading

Members :: Treasury Consulting Group Pleased to Present Video Titled - " RBI FX Master Circular - Fallacy ! ". Video would be covering about recent RBI Maste... In this session, I will discuss Finance Theory Forest Market for RBI & SEBI 2020 Examinations. So, watch it till the end. Click the link below to subscribe t... Hello Friends, In this video i have explained Forex Market of Finance part. As a working profession in Investment Banking i have crack three exam simultaneously that is CFA, RBI, UPSC. I had a new ... RBI’s draft report suggested changes in the timings of the foreign exchange market and call money market. In conversation with Edelweiss' Sajal Gupta. Read m... RBI, Establishment, Functions ,Role, Forex Reserve, CAD, Trade Deficit, Current & Capital Account, Monetary Policy, Monetary Policy Committee. In this video we shall discuss the RBI Current Affairs Forex Retail Trading Platform To buy the SEBI Gr A 2019 course click here : https://www.edutap.co.in/s... Our investigation shows that illegal forex traders continue to speculate in offshore markets and illegally route money from Indian investors to tax havens. This prompted RBI to crack down on ...

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